Capenergies : The Energy Transition cluster

Capenergies’ activities align with the policies and strategies of France’s energy transition law, helping to drive local energy policy with a focus on innovation, green growth and economic development.
The competitiveness cluster is playing a central role in the energy transition by working to transform research into innovative products and services for high-growth markets.
The cluster’s main ambition is to enable businesses to develop technology solutions and innovative products for specific markets, thereby helping to strengthen local energy sectors and, in doing so, create growth and jobs.
The cluster is a network of energy stakeholders that seeks to develop synergies between the worlds of academia and industry, around three central themes.
The areas covered by Capenergies and its target markets relate directly to the objectives of France’s energy transition law.

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The French Energy Transition for Green Growth Law:

The Energy Transition for Green Growth Law, passed by the National Assembly on 22 July 2015, aims to develop a new energy model and to enable France to make a more effective contribution to tackling climate change.
The law sets out the conditions governing energy efficiency gains and the production of renewable energy, with a view to reducing the economic, environmental and health impact of fossil fuels, which emit greenhouse gases.
France and its overseas territories and departments have considerable geographical assets – the country has the highest agricultural potential in Europe and the continent’s third-largest pool of forest resources. The country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) covers 11 million km² of sea area, making it the world’s second-biggest maritime power. It also has the second-highest renewable energy production capacity in Europe by virtue of its substantial hydroelectric power potential.
In an effort to capitalise on its natural assets, France’s law sets out the regulatory framework governing the development of solutions to meet two of society’s key challenges – challenges that national and global energy policies are currently seeking to address: meeting populations’ energy supply needs, and protecting the environment by increasing the share of renewables in the energy mix.

The law in brief

Objectives :

  • To reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030, compared with 1990 levels
  • To reduce fossil fuel consumption by 30% by 2030, compared with 2012 levels
  • To increase the share of renewables to 32% of final energy consumption by 2030, and to 40% of electricity production
  • To reduce final energy consumption by 20% by 2030 and 50% by 2050
  • To diversify electricity production and reduce the share of nuclear by 50% by 2025

Key areas and measures :

  • Renovating buildings and making them more energy efficient
  • Developing clean transport
  • Developing renewables
  • Improving nuclear safety
  • Combating waste and promoting the circular economy
  • Tackling fuel poverty
  • Developing smart grids
  • Reducing red tape and making the regulatory framework clearer

Energy and climate overview 2015

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Producing one Mtoe (oil equivalent) with other energy sources would require:

1

1 EPR nuclear reactor at 1,600 MW (operating for 7,200 hours per year)

2

2,300 wind turbines at 2 MW (operating for 2,000 hours per year and covering an area of 45,000 hectares)

3

5,200 hectares of photovoltaic panels (operating for 1,200 hours per year)

5

1 million hectares of biofuel crops

 

4

4.5 million tonnes of wood (390,000 hectares)

France and the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (PACA) region: energy challenges in figures

Primary renewable energy production by sector in France (2012 figures):

 

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Final energy consumption in France and the PACA region (2013 figures):

 

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Total final energy consumption stands at 164 Mtoe.

This figure has fallen by an average of 0.7% per year since 2005. This figure has fallen by an average of 0.7% per year since 2005.


Greenhouse gas emissions in the PACA region (2012-2013):

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