International power-to-gas workshop: hydrogen is ready for the next step
Capenergies, the International Energy Agency Hydrogen (IEA Hydrogen) and GRT Gaz jointly organised a workshop on 20 November 2018 devoted to demonstrator projects investigating hydrogen production and applications. Hosted by the Ecole des Arts & Métiers engineering school in Aix-en-Provence, the event attracted about a hundred project holders, industry players and academic members from across the globe to discuss and debate the analysis of these demonstrators provided by Capenergies for IEA Hydrogen.
Left to right: Laurent-Charles Thery – GRT Gaz ; Cédric Philibert – IEA ; Doris Hafenbradl – Electrochaea ; Sergio Raballo – CAPSA (Hychico) ;
Hiroshi Ito – AIST (Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) ; Paul Lucchese – Capenergies & AIE Hydrogen
- Key results of the analysis
This technical and economic analysis of the 192 identified demonstrators located in 32 different countries pinpointed hydrogen as a viable solution for simplifying and speeding up the integration of renewables into an energy system via storage. For 71% of the demonstrators under investigation, hydrogen is produced from solar or wind energy sources and then either re-injected back into the grid, or used as the energy source for sites that are isolated or dependent on micro-grids. This epitomises the pilot project called Hychico in Patagonia designed to produce hydrogen from wind energy, which was presented during the workshop by its project holders.
The analysis also highlighted the fact that these experimental facilities tend to combine technologies used for:
- Dihydrogen production, with 42% generated by proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolysis
- Hydrogen storage, generally in a compressed state
- Several types of applications, such as hydrogen-to-power, hydrogen-to-gas and hydrogen-to-fuel.
For this reason, the fuel cell market and the transport sector both offer some interesting prospects in view of the greater use of hydrogen. Other applications are being tested in the industrial and chemical sectors in Europe where most of the facilities in question are located.
- Focus on the hydrogen sector in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region
The workshop provided the opportunity to showcase several demonstrators located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region and to reassert the potential of developing the hydrogen sector locally, whether in terms of production, storage, mobility, training or industrial uses. Since 2015, the region has been home to more than 15 projects, including:
- The Innovex platform supported by the town of Marseille, the PACA region, the Bouches-du-Rhone department and the Port of Marseille-Fos, which made it possible to build Jupiter 1000, the first French methanation demonstrator run by GRT Gaz at the port of Marseille-Fos
- The HyGreen Provence project for the generation of PV electricity and green hydrogen for the Durance-Luberon-Verdon urban area (including Manosque)
- Innovative projects developed by the Hyseas Energy start-up for mobile maritime applications, or by the Hysilabs start-up for the transport of hydrogen in liquid form.
- Publication of a hydrogen roadmap in 2019
“No technical obstacles were identified at the outcome of this workshop“, Christine Mansilla was happy to report, as coordinator of the international working group of experts devoted to Task 38 at IAE Hydrogen. “The technology seems ready to move into its industrial phase, even if progress can still and will be made in terms of efficiency, sustainability and cost control. The issues are no longer technical but more so economic, social and regulatory. And demonstrators can also drive progress in these fields.”
The concluding remarks were warmly received by the local hydrogen players united under the banner of Club H2 run by Capenergies and whose vocation is to speed up the industrial and commercial deployment of hydrogen-related solutions.
IEA Hydrogen will be publishing a roadmap in early 2019 which should help guide project holders and political decision-makers alike. The different stages involved in defining profitable economic models will be specified in this roadmap. This analysis is invaluable at a time where the large-scale development of hydrogen is becoming a key component of the global energy system for the International Energy Agency (IEA). This is reason why hydrogen is on the agenda of the next G20 conference scheduled for June 2019 in Japan.